Isidore  Meyers
Buggenhout  1836-1916  Brussels

Landscape  with  a  Windmill

oil on canvas
37 x 60,5 cm               14.6 x 23.8 in

signed lower left Is.Meyers

Provenance: private collection

Joseph-Jean Isidore Meyers was a pupil of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp with Jacob Jacobs (1812-1879). From 1855 until 1858 Meyers stayed in Paris where he took classes at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. His former fellow-student Adrien-Joseph Heymans joined him in Paris and shared his studio. Together they discovered realism and landscape painting. At their return to Belgium in 1858 they started working in the Kempen-region near the city of Antwerp. In September 1861 Meyers did meet Jacques Rosseels in the village of Kalmthout. Some time afterwards they where joined by several young artists from Antwerp. Meyers and Rosseels both were strong personalities and influenced the other members of this artists-colony. By way of the common theme, the relative seclusion, the identical formation at the Antwerp academy and the achievement of the same ideal this homogeneous group of artists formed the Kalmthouse School. They all achieved to observe and render nature objectively with the use of subtle tonalities, grey accords and a continuously growing attention for the light. The resident artists left Kalmthout around 1870. Heymans went to Brussels, Meyers and Rosseels to Dendermonde where they worked along the banks of the river Schelde. Meyers travelled in 1867 through Denmark and 1871 to Schotland, where he lived for one year in Glasgow. From his return in 1872 until 1877 he went to live in a house on the dyke near the village of Hamme-Driegoten, painting the river Schelde from Dendermonde tot Kruibeke. Here he got the company of many artists like Frans Courtens (1854-1943), Alfred Verwée (1838-1895) and Adrien Lemayeur de Merprès (1844-1923) who became his pupil. After his marriage in 1877 in Hamme Meyers went to live in his native village of Buggenhout-Den Briel on the opposite bank of the river Schelde. Among the artists who were working regularly in Meyers' company especially Frans Van Kuyck (1852-1915) has to be mentioned who practically lived in his house until 1882. In 1883 Isidore Meyers moved to the city of Antwerp and in 1889 finally settled in Brussels. He frequently returned to paint views of the river Schelde - often in the company of  artists like Romain Steppe (1859-1927) - and also worked in towns like Bruges, Mechelen and Ypres.
Isidore Meyers was a painter of landscapes and town views. Always a plein-air artist - painting nature in open air and not in the studio - his oeuvre shows the evolution from realism towards a typical native form of impressionism. A talented draughtsman he also practised etching and was in 1880 one of the founders of the Association des aquafortistes anversois. In 1886 Meyers was a co-founder of the Antwerp association L'Art Indépendant. From 1865 until 1904 he was a teacher at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Dendermonde. Together with Jacques Rosseels - who was director of this academy - he succeeded in introducing a free spirit in and reforming the official art-education in Belgium. Rosseels was the brilliant theoretician, Meyers was the man who took his class outside the academy-building to teach landscape painting en plein-air. This brought many renowned artists to the town of Dendermonde.
From his debut on the Brussels salon in 1860 Isidore Meyers regularly exhibited in Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels (on the salon and in the Cercle Artistique et Littéraire), Dendermonde, Gent, Liège and on the Salon du Champ de Mars in Paris. He also exhibited at the Exposition Universelle of 1900 in Paris and was invited to show his work at shows of associations like Voorwaerts in Brussels and Les XIII in Antwerp. Individual and retrospective exhibitions were organised in 1862 in Antwerp (together with Jan Stobbaerts and Adrien-Joseph Heymans), in Brussels in 1891 and 1929, in Dendermonde in 1898 and in Museum de Zilverreiger in Bornem-Weert in 1990. Meyers' oeuvre was rewarded with distinctions - like in Antwerp in 1879 and in Amsterdam in 1883 - and praised by art-critics like Emile Verhaeren. Isidore Meyers was a Knight in the Order of Leopold.

Museums: Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp; Royal Museum of Fine arts of Belgium, Brussels; Collection of the Belgian Senate, Brussels; Royal Collection, Brussels; City Museum, Dendermonde; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Verviers

Dictionnaire Historique des Peintres Adolphe Siret Paris 1884 vol.II
Les artistes belges contemporains. Leur vie, leurs oeuvres, leur place dans l'art Edmond Louis De Taeye Bruxelles 1894-1896
L'Art flamand: Les Artistes Contemporains I & II Jules Dujardin Bruxelles vol.V 1899 & vol.VI 1900
L'Ecole belge de peinture, 1830-1905 Camille Lemonnier Bruxelles 1906
Belgische Kunst des 19. Jahrhunderts Henri Hymans Leipzig 1906
Niederländisches Kunstlerlexikon Dr Alfred van Würzbach Wien & Leipzig 1910 vol.II
De schilderkunst in België van 1830-1921 Pol De Mont 's-Gravenhage 1921
L'Art Belge du XIXe siècle Gustave Van Zype Bruxelles - Paris 1923
Histoire de la Peinture en Belgique Bernard Holterhoff Anvers 1925
Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler U Thieme & F Becker Leipzig 1930 vol.XXIV
La peinture belge depuis 1830 Paul Colin Bruxelles 1930
Flandre - Essai sur l'Art Flamand depuis 1880: L'Impressionisme Luc & Paul Haesaerts Paris 1931
Dictionnaire Biographique des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts en Belgique Eug De Seyn Bruxelles 1936 vol.II
Les maîtres de la Société Libre des Beaux-Arts M Schmitz Bruxelles 1941 Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique - Conférences 1940-1941
L'Art en Belgique, du Môyen-Âge à nos Jours Paul Fierens Bruxelles 1947
Dictionnaire des peintres Paul Fierens Bruxelles s.d.
La peinture belge d'autrefois 1830-1930 Pierre Poirier Bruxelles 1953
De Vlaamse schilderkunst van Van Eyck tot Permeke A Stubbe Brussel & Amsterdam 1953
De schilders der Schelde AJJ Delen Antwerpen 1956
L'art moderne en Belgique M Eemans Bruxelles 1974
Internationales Handbuch aller Maler und Bildhauer des 19.Jahrhunderts J Busse Wiesbaden 1977
Schilders in de Kempen rond de school van Kalmthout Dorine Cardyn in Taxandria Depicta - Het beeld van de Kempen in de schilderkunst van de negentiende en de twintigste eeuw in Vlaanderen, tweemaandelijks tijdschrift voor kunst en letteren n°169 jg.28 Tielt maart-april 1979
Lexicon of the Belgian Romantic Painters WG Flippo Antwerp 1981
Dictionnaire des peintres belges nés entre 1750 et 1875 P & V Berko Bruxelles 1981
De Dendermondse schilderschool, een kunsthistorische benadering Dr JP De Bruyn Dendermonde 1982
Antwerpen 1900: schilderijen en tekeningen 1880-1914 Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen 7/12/1985-9/2/1986
De Schelde in de schilderkunst Stedelijk Museum Sint-Niklaas 2/3-11/5/1986
Het impressionisme en het fauvisme in België S Goyens de Heusch Antwerpen 1988
Les écrits inédits de Maurice Hagemans Albert Wayens Musée provincial Félicien Rops Namur 1990
De Dendermondse Schilderschool Jean-Pierre De Bruyn Dendermonde 1994
Le dictionnaire des peintres belges du XIV° siècle à nos jours E De Wilde Bruxelles 1995 vol.II
L'Impressionisme et le fauvisme en Belgique S Goyens de Heusch Anvers & Paris 1998
Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs E Bénézit Paris 1999 vol.IX
De School van Tervuren Herman De Vilder & Maurits Wijnants Tervuren 2000
De Dendermondse School doorheen Twee eeuwen Kunstacademie 1800-2000 Dr JP De Bruyn & A Stroobants Dendermonde 2000
De Kalmthoutse of Grijze School en haar tijdgenoten M Van Aert, J Bastiaensen Tielt 15/9-11/11/2007
Impressionisten in Knocke & Heyst (1870-1914) D Lannoy, F Devinck, T Thomas Cultuurcentrum Scharpoord Knokke-Heist 24/11/2007-20/1/2008

Click here to request more information.